Journal of colloid and interface science

Interaction of supramolecular centers of silica surface with aromatic amino acids.

PMID 21757202


Surface grafting of β-cyclodextrin onto aminopropylsilica has been carried out under mild conditions using 1,1'-carbonyldiimidazole as an activator. The obtained β-cyclodextrin-silica has been characterized by means of chemical and IR spectral analysis. Adsorption of para-aminobenzoic and para-aminosalicylic acids onto the surface of hydroxylated silica, aminopropylsilica, and silica with chemically attached β-cyclodextrin moieties has been studied in relation to duration of contact, equilibrium concentration, and solution pH. Chemical immobilization of β-cyclodextrin onto silica surface improves adsorption parameters for aromatic amino acids. The well-known mathematical models for the kinetic and equilibrium adsorption processes have been used, and the main adsorption parameters have been calculated. Kinetic curves of aromatic amino acids adsorption correspond to the model of pseudo-second order reaction. The major contribution to the equilibrium adsorption of para-aminobenzoic and para-aminosalicylic acids onto β-cyclodextrin-containing silica is due to the formation of surface inclusion complexes between grafted oligosaccharide molecules and aromatic amino acids.