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Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids

Controllable synthesis of water-soluble gold nanoparticles and their applications in electrocatalysis and surface-enhanced Raman scattering.


PMID 21761928

Abstract

We report a facile method to synthesize water-soluble gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using a biosurfactant sodium cholate as reducing reagents and protective groups in aqueous solution at ambient temperature. The diameters (13-70 nm) of uniform AuNPs can be readily adjusted by changing the initial molar ratio of sodium cholate to chloroauric acid (HAuCl(4)). Also, the alkaline condition of preparative solution is found to affect the size of as-synthesized AuNPs. This synthetic approach is one-step and "green". The obtained AuNPs exhibit a good electrocatalytic activity toward methanol oxidation. Meanwhile, the AuNPs thin films can serve as an efficient substrate for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). Furthermore, platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) are also prepared by reducing sodium tetrachloro platinate hydrate with sodium cholate.

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C1254
Sodium cholate hydrate, from bovine and/or ovine bile, ≥99%
C24H39NaO5 · xH2O