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International journal of biological macromolecules

One-pot synthesis and characterization of cross-linked quaternized chitosan microspheres as protein adsorbent.


PMID 21763718

Abstract

The one-pot synthesis and characterization of cross-linked quaternized chitosan microspheres (CQCM) as a protein adsorbent are presented. First of all, chitosan particles were prepared by spray drying method, and then they were quaternized and cross-linked in turn with glycidyltrimethylammonium (GTMAC) chloride and glutaraldehyde in isopropanol containing 10% water in one-pot. The effect of the reaction temperature, reaction time and the amounts of added GTMAC and glutaraldehyde on the protein adsorption ability of CQCM was investigated. The adsorption behavior of the CQCM prepared in the optimum synthetic conditions was well described by the Langmuir isotherm with maximum adsorption capacity equal to 1424 mg BSA/g dry weight. The particle size ranged from 7.6 to 48.9 μm. The mechanism of adsorption-desorption of BSA to the CQCM was ion-exchange. Finally, the extraction of soybean peroxidase from crude soybean peroxidase solution using the CQCM was performed.

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