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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

Intramolecular ion-pair prodrugs of zanamivir and guanidino-oseltamivir.


PMID 21778065

Abstract

Zanamivir (ZA) is a potent anti-influenza drug, but it cannot be administrated orally because of the hydrophilic carboxylate and guanidinium groups. Guanidino-oseltamivir (GO) is another effective neuraminidase inhibitor with polar guanidinium group under physiological conditions. The ester prodrugs ZA-HNAP (5) and GO-HNAP (6) were prepared to incorporate a 1-hydroxy-2-naphthoic (HNAP) moiety to attain good lipophilicity in the intramolecular ion-pairing forms. ZA-HNAP resumed high anti-influenza activity (EC(50)=48 nM), in cell-based anti-influenza assays, by releasing zanamivir along with nontoxic HNAP. Under similar conditions, the hydrolysis of the GO-HNAP ester was too sluggish to show the desired anti-influenza activity.

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109630
1-Hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, ≥97.0%
C11H8O3