Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)

Longitudinal study of bone mineral density in children with idiopathic hypercalciuria.

PMID 21779854


Children with idiopathic hypercalciuria (IH) may have a reduced bone mineral density (BMD), which could impact on bone health in adulthood. There is currently no strong evidence for a preferred treatment of such children. The aim of our study was to evaluate the BMD z-score before and after treating children and adolescents with IH with potassium citrate and thiazides. The study consisted of a historical cohort of 80 pediatric patients who were evaluated between October 1989 and November 2010. Bone scanning and densitometry measurements were made with dual-emission X-ray absorptiometry. Lumbar-spine BMD (g/cm(2)) and BMD z-score were evaluated before and after treatment. The t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis. Forty-three boys and 37 girls were followed for a median time of 6.0 years. Median calcium excretion before and after treatment was 5.0 and 2.6 mg/kg/24 h, respectively. The BMD z-score changed significantly from -0.763 ± 0.954 (mean ± SD) to -0.537 ± 0.898 (p < 0.0001) before and after treatment, respectively. The BMD z-score of the patients improved with treatment, suggesting a beneficial effect and potential need for treatment. However, the lack of a control group points to the need for future studies to corroborate this outcome.