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Neuropeptides

Immunomodulatory role of substance P in the wall lizard Hemidactylus flaviviridis: an in vitro study.


PMID 21788073

Abstract

Present in vitro investigation for the first time in ectotherms demonstrated the immunomodulatory role of substance P in the wall lizard Hemidactylus flaviviridis. Substance P inhibited the percentage phagocytosis and phagocytic index of lizard splenic phagocytes. Inhibitory effect of substance P was completely blocked by NK-1 receptor antagonist spantide I, indicating the NK-1 receptor mediated action. Further, NK-1 receptor-coupled downstream signaling cascade involved in controlling phagocytosis was explored using inhibitors of adenylate cyclase (SQ 22536) and protein kinase A (H-89). Both the inhibitors, in a concentration-related manner decreased the suppressive effect of substance P on phagocytosis. In addition, substance P treatment caused an increase in intracellular cAMP level in splenic phagocytes. Taken together, it can be suggested that substance P via NK-1 receptor-coupled AC-cAMP-PKA pathway modulated the phagocytic activity of splenic phagocytes in wall lizards.

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