Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology

Identification of octopine dehydrogenase from Mytilus galloprovincialis.

PMID 21791249


A cDNA encoding the putative octopine dehydrogenase (OcDH) from the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis was cloned and sequenced. The complete coding region was expressed in the bacteria Escherichia coli and the recombinant protein was purified. The M. galloprovincialis OcDH appears to have the highest affinity for the amino acid substrate L-arginine (88.22%), compared to L-alanine (9.04%) and glycine (2.74%). This enzyme showed no activity when taurine or β-alanine was used as substrate. These data strongly support that this recombinant enzyme is octopine dehydrogenase and not another opine dehydrogenase such as alanopine or strombine dehydrogenases. The superimposition of the theoretical three-dimensional model of the M. galloprovincialis OcDH and the crystal structure of its homologous counterpart from the great scallop Pecten maximus showed interesting changes in the amino acid binding site which could explain the differences found in the substrate affinity between the two molluscs. A phylogenetic analysis was performed comparing M. galloprovincialis OcDH and annotated sequences representing the five opine dehydrogenase (OpDH) protein family members. The phylogenetic tree which was obtained clustered the OpDH enzymes according to the evolutionary relationships of the species and not to the biochemical reaction catalysed. Octopine dehydrogenase has been identified in the Mytilidae family for the first time, having previously only been established in one other marine invertebrate (P. maximus).