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Journal of cellular physiology

Thyroid hormone promotes insulin-induced glucose uptake by enhancing Akt phosphorylation and VAMP2 translocation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.


PMID 21792921

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test a hypothesis that T3 promotes glucose uptake via enhancing insulin-induced Akt phosphorylation and VAMP2 translocation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. T3 significantly enhanced insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt, cytoplasma to cell membrane translocations of vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2) and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), and glucose uptake in adipocytes. Akt inhibitor X abolished the promoting effects of T3, suggesting that Akt activation is essential for T3 to enhance these insulin-induced events in adipocytes. Knockdown of VAMP2 using siRNA abrogated the effects of T3 on insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation and glucose uptake, suggesting that VAMP2 is an important mediator of these processes. These data suggest that T3 may promote glucose uptake via enhancing insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt and subsequent translocations of VAMP2 and GLUT4 in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Akt phosphorylation is necessary for the promoting effects of T3 on insulin-stimulated VAMP2 translocation. Further, VAMP2 is essential for T3 to increase insulin-stimulated translocation of GLUT4 and subsequent uptake of glucose in adipocytes.