Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology

Salvianolic acid A demonstrates cardioprotective effects in rat hearts and cardiomyocytes after ischemia/reperfusion injury.

PMID 21795988


Salvianolic acid A (Sal A), the water-soluble component from the root of the Salvia miltiorrhiza plant, possesses antioxidant, antiproliferative, and antiplatelet properties. However, whether it plays a role in the protection against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rat hearts has yet to be elucidated. In the present study, we tested cell viability, shortening amplitude, necrosis, apoptosis, and the expression levels of Akt, phosphorylated Akt, Bcl-2, Bax, and caspase-3 after 3-hour simulated ischemia and 2- or 6-hour simulated reperfusion in cardiomyocytes. We further observed the contractile function and infarct size in isolated hearts after they were subjected to global 30-minute ischemia and 120-minute reperfusion. Pretreatment with Sal A markedly increased cell viability and shortening amplitude while reducing evidence of necrosis and apoptosis in the cells. In addition, the expression of Bcl-2 was upregulated and Bax was downregulated, thereby increasing the Bcl-2/Bax ratio. Sal A inhibited the activation of caspase-3 as well. The results also showed that Sal A significantly increased phosphorylation of Akt and that this phosphorylation can be partially inhibited by phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt inhibitor. Furthermore, Sal A improved I/R-induced myocardial contractile function and reduced infarct size. In summary, our results showed that Sal A prevents I/R-induced myocardial damage by reducing necrosis and apoptosis in isolated rat hearts and cardiomyocytes.

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Salvianolic acid A, analytical standard
Salvianolic acid A hydrate, ≥98% (HPLC)
C26H22O10 · xH2O