Analytical chemistry

Dual-view imaging system using a wide-range dichroic mirror for simultaneous four-color single-molecule detection.

PMID 21805964


A dual-view imaging system for simultaneous four-color single-molecule (SM) detection was developed. As for the detection procedure, four species of SM fluorophores, namely, Alexa 488, 555, 647, and 680, are immobilized on different slides and excited by evanescent-wave illumination. Fluorescence emitted from an SM fluorophore is split by a wide-range dichroic mirror (WR DM) in a dual-view optics and imaged as two SM fluorescence spots (SM spots) on an electron-multiplying charge-coupled device (EM-CCD) at 100 Hz. The transmittance of the WR DM changes gradually over the wavelength range of 500 to 700 nm so that the signal ratios of the two SM spots for the four fluorophore species differ. A method for classifying SM fluorophores into four species in accordance with their signal ratios was developed. It was used to classify 597 SM fluorophores at an accuracy of above 98% for all the species. This accuracy is comparable to that of a conventional four-color SM detection system. To classify four species, the conventional system disperses SM fluorescence with a prism and provides an elongated SM spot that uses more pixels of an EM-CCD chip than that of the developed system. The developed system can thus detect 1.5-fold more SM spots with the same-size EM-CCD chip, so it can achieve 1.5-fold higher throughput. Moreover, the developed system is based on a simple and practical approach, namely, replacing an ordinary dichroic mirror in a commercially available dual-view optics with a WR DM. This replacement transforms a dual-view imaging system for two-color detection into a system for four-color detection. The developed system is suitable for detection systems of next-generation DNA sequencers and DNA microarray-chip analyzers.

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8-(6-Aminohexyl)aminoadenosine 3′:5′-cyclic monophosphate, ~98%