Role of interaction of mannan-binding protein with meprins at the initial step of complement activation in ischemia/reperfusion injury to mouse kidney.

PMID 21835783


Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) is an important cause of acute renal failure. Recent studies have shown that the complement system mediated by the mannan-binding protein (MBP), which is a C-type serum lectin recognizing mannose, fucose and N-acetylglucosamine residues, plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of ischemic acute renal failure. MBP causes complement activation through the MBP lectin pathway and a resulting complement component, C3b, is accumulated on the brush borders of kidney proximal tubules in a renal I/R-operated mouse kidney. However, the initial step of the complement activation has not been studied extensively. We previously identified both meprins α and β, highly glycosylated zinc metalloproteases, localized on kidney proximal tubules as endogenous MBP ligands. In the present study, we demonstrated that serum-type MBP (S-MBP) and C3b were co-localized with meprins on both the cortex and the medulla in the renal I/R-operated mouse kidney. S-MBP was indicated to interact with meprins in vivo in the I/R-operated mouse kidney and was shown to initiate the complement activation through the interaction with meprins in vitro. Taken together, the present study strongly suggested that the binding of S-MBP to meprins triggers the complement activation through the lectin pathway and may cause the acute renal failure due to I/R on kidney transplantation and hemorrhagic shock.