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International journal of pharmaceutics

Influence of formulation variables in transdermal drug delivery system containing zolmitriptan.


PMID 21843607

Abstract

The effects of different formulation variables including pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA), thickness of the matrix, solvent system, inclusion of crystallization inhibitor, loading amount of drug and enhancers on the transdermal absorption of zolmitriptan were investigated. Acrylic adhesive with hydroxyl functional group provided good adhesion force and high flux of zolmitriptan. Pseudopolymorphs of zolmitriptan were found to possess different solid-state properties that affected the permeation rate. Polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers significantly increased the permeation of zolmitriptan through hairless mouse skin. However, these enhancers induced crystallization of zolmitriptan. Kollidon(®) 30 delayed the crystallization without altering the permeation profile of zolmitriptan. Stability studies suggested that terpenes did not induce crystallization of zolmitriptan in the patch and stable formulations could be produced by using cineole and limonene, or their combination.

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SML0248
Zolmitriptan, ≥98% (HPLC)
C16H21N3O2