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Journal of ethnopharmacology

Direct inhibition of calcineurin by caffeoyl phenylethanoid glycosides from Teucrium chamaedrys and Nepeta cataria.


PMID 21843624

Abstract

Teucrium chamaedrys L. and Nepeta cataria L. (Lamiaceae) are species with traditional uses that relate to the treatment of inflammation. Extracts of both species were found to inhibit calcineurin; an important regulator of T-cell mediated inflammation that has received little attention in ethnopharmacological research. Extracts and isolated compounds were tested against calcineurin in its calmodulin-activated and basal un-activated state. Active compounds were isolated using Sephadex LH-20 gel filtration and HPLC then identified using NMR spectroscopy. Activity-guided fractionation of Teucrium chamaedrys and Nepeta cataria led to the isolation of the caffeoyl phenylethanoid glycosides teucrioside, verbascoside and lamiuside A (teupolioside). The three compounds inhibited calcineurin both in the presence and absence of calmodulin, suggesting a direct interaction with calcineurin. Calcineurin inhibition should be considered as a potential mode of action when investigating the immunomodulatory activity of caffeoyl phenylethanoid glycoside containing plants.

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