Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Multifaceted cytoprotection by synthetic polyacetylenes inspired by the ginseng-derived natural product, panaxytriol.

PMID 21844359


We describe herein the discovery of a series of panaxytriol (PXT)-derived polyacetylene small molecules with promising cytoprotective activity. In mouse xenograft models, we have demonstrated the capacity of our synthetic analogs to mitigate a range of cancer therapeutic agent-induced toxicities, including body weight loss, lethality, neurotoxicity, and hematotoxicity. Our PXT analogs have also been found to reduce radiation-induced body weight loss and lethality in mouse models. Moreover, several PXT analogs appear to exhibit moderate in vivo antiinflammatory activity as well as in vitro immunoenhancing capabilities. These compounds appear to derive their activity through induction of cancer preventive phase 2 enzymes. The studies described herein suggest that coadministration of a PXT-derived agent with cancer chemotherapeutics or radiation therapy may serve to mitigate a range of therapy-associated toxicities.