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European journal of medicinal chemistry

Synthesis and characterization of novel PUFA esters exhibiting potential anticancer activities: an in vitro study.


PMID 21868138

Abstract

Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been reported to play a regulatory role in tumour growth progression. In the present study, we have synthesized ester derivatives of two important PUFA viz., linoleic acid (LA) and arachidonic acid (AA) with propofol, a widely used general anaesthetic-sedative agent. The novel propofol ester analogues have been found to inhibit various cancer cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the compounds have been found to induce apoptotic cell death by enhancing the release of cytochrome c and expression of caspase-3. The data of the present study suggest that novel propofol-PUFA esters have strong potential to emerge as effective anticancer agents.

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