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The journal of physical chemistry. A

Heterogeneous reaction of suspended phosmet particles with NO3 radicals.


PMID 21870875

Abstract

As an organophosphorous insecticide, phosmet is widely used for plant protection as well as against the ectoparasites on productive livestock. It emits into the atmosphere in both gas and particulate phases via spray drift from treatments and postapplication emissions, but its degradation in the atmosphere is not well-known up to now. In this study, the heterogeneous reaction of phosmet absorbed on the azelaic acid particles with NO(3) radicals is investigated in real-time using a vacuum ultraviolet photoionization aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometer (VUV-ATOFMS). Two primary products and their nitro-substituted derivates are observed. The apparent reaction rate of phosmet particles with NO(3) radicals is also obtained by a relative rate method with isoprene and 1,4-cyclohexadiene as the reference compounds. The concentrations of the reference substance and phosmet particles are synchronously detected with an atmospheric gas analysis mass spectrometer and the VUV-ATOFMS. Under the experimental conditions, the average apparent reaction rate obtained is (1.92 ± 0.09) × 10(-12) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1), and the corresponding atmospheric lifetime toward NO(3) radicals is roughly estimated to be ~0.3 h.

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