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Sensitive detection of endocrine disrupters using ionic liquid--single walled carbon nanotubes modified screen-printed based biosensors.


PMID 21872052

Abstract

Simple and low cost biosensor based on screen-printed electrode for sensitive detection of some alkylphenols was developed, by entrapment of HRP in a nanocomposite gel based on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([BMIM][PF(6)]) ionic liquid. Raman and FTIR spectroscopy, CV and EIS studies demonstrate the interaction between SWCNTs and ionic liquid. The nanocomposite gel, SWCNT-[BMIM][PF(6)] provides to the modified sensor a considerable enhanced electrocatalytic activity toward hydrogen peroxide reduction. The HRP based biosensor exhibits high sensitivity and good stability, allowing a detection of the alkylphenols at an applied potential of -0.2V vs. Ag/AgCl, in linear range from 5.5 to 97.7 μM for 4-t-octylphenol and respectively, between 5.5 and 140 μM for 4-n-nonylphenol, with a response time of about 5s. The detection limit was 1.1 μM for 4-t-octylphenol, and respectively 0.4 μM for 4-n-nonylphenol (S/N=3).

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