CpG oligodeoxynucleotide and montanide ISA 206 adjuvant combination augments the immune responses of a recombinant FMDV vaccine in cattle.

PMID 21872635


Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious disease of cloven-hoofed animals. To prevent the spread of FMDV, inactivated virus vaccines are used to immunize animals in developing countries. However, there are safety concerns. In addition, it is difficult to distinguish the vaccinated animals from those naturally infected ones. In our lab, we have developed a recombinant FMDV vaccine named A7. A7 contained multiple B cell and T cell epitopes, which reside in a capsid protein (VP1) of FMDV. To enhance its immunogenicity, A7 was formulated with CpG ODN RW03 in combination with Montanide ISA 206 (ISA), and the resultant vaccine (A7+ISA+CpG ODN RW03) was used to immunize mice and cattle. It was found that CpG ODN RW03 and ISA combination could facilitate A7 to induce a vigorous and long-lasting specific antibody response in mice and cattle. After FMDV challenge, 80% (4/5) of the calves immunized with A7+ISA+CpG ODN RW03 were protected, which was superior to those immunized with A7+ISA (25%, 1/4) or inactivated FMDV vaccine (50%, 2/4). These findings suggest that CpG ODN RW03 could be used with Montanide ISA 206 as a potent adjuvant for recombinant FMDV in cattle.

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Mannide monooleate, from plant