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Optics letters

Nanofiltering via integrated liquid core waveguides.


PMID 21886207

Abstract

We demonstrate and describe how nanoporous liquid core waveguides can exclude scattering particles, making them an ideal integrated platform for analysis of turbid solutions. Milk with 0.5% fat showed an optical propagation loss of 0.05 dB/mm at 633 nm in nanoporous waveguides compared to the 10.6 dB/mm loss in standard cuvette measurements. To examine the nanofiltering effect, waveguides were infiltrated with solutions containing Rhodamine B molecules (1 nm) and 22 nm red fluorescing polystyrene beads. With fluorescence spectroscopy we show that 22 nm beads are excluded, while Rhodamine B molecules penetrate the waveguides. This is further confirmed by fluorescence microscopy, also revealing a homogenous distribution of Rhodamine in the waveguide volume.