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Journal of psychopharmacology (Oxford, England)

The effects of sertindole on sensory gating, sensorimotor gating, and cognition in healthy volunteers.


PMID 21890590

Abstract

Sensory gating, indexed by P50 suppression, and sensorimotor gating, indexed by prepulse inhibition (PPI), are impaired in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. There is considerable evidence that schizophrenia patients treated with atypical antipsychotics exhibit relatively less gating deficits than do other patients with schizophrenia. Some recent studies have investigated the effects of antipsychotic medications on gating in healthy volunteers exhibiting low levels of gating, rather than in patients. Therefore, the current study investigated the influence of sertindole versus placebo in two separate experimental sessions, on PPI, P50 suppression, and cognition in 30 male volunteers stratified for low and high baseline gating levels. Sertindole increased PPI and P50 suppression in healthy subjects exhibiting low baseline PPI and low baseline P50 suppression, respectively, while sertindole attenuated gating in subjects exhibiting high baseline gating. Furthermore, subjects exhibiting low PPI chose worse strategies in a spatial working memory task. These findings suggest that mixed D(2)/5-HT(2) receptor antagonists enhance both PPI and P50 suppression in a way that enhances it in healthy subjects exhibiting low baseline gating. Furthermore, the results militate in favor of the concomitant assessment of PPI, P50 suppression and cognitive measures while investigating the effect of antipsychotic medication in healthy subjects.