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Journal of physiology and pharmacology : an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society

Effects of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors-gamma ligands on dextran sodium sulphate-induced colitis in rats.


PMID 21893696

Abstract

Recent studies indicate the involvement of peroxisone proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) in the inflammatory reaction. The exact mechanism of PPAR-γ action has not been elucidated. It is supposed that PPAR-γ regulates transcription of genes responsible for encoding cytokines involved in the inflammatory response. The latest studies, carried out to explain the pathogenesis of non-specific colitis, confirm beneficial effects of PPAR-γ agonists on attenuation of colon inflammation. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of nuclear PPAR-γ activity on the course of experimental acute colitis induced by intragastric administration of dextran sodium sulphate (DSS) using the PPAR-γ agonist rosiglitazone and the antagonist BADGE in rats. Colitis in Wistar rats was induced by 1.5% DSS administered in drinking water for 8 days. Animals with induced colitis received rosiglitazone, bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) or both substances. After decapitation, colons were macroscopically and histopathologically evaluated. Levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were determined in serum and colon homogenates using ELISA. In rats with experimentally induced colitis receiving rosiglitazone, the inflammatory reaction was found to be markedly limited; ulceration, oedema and infiltration activity were reduced. The activated PPAR-γ inhibit the expression of proinflammatory factors, such as IL-6, TNF-α, and neutrophil chemotaxis, which was evidenced by MPO reduction in serum and colon homogenates mediated by rosiglitazone. The positive effects of rosiglitazone on expression of IL-10 were also demonstrated. During the short period of observation, BADGE did not increase histopathological inflammatory markers.

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