The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics

A selective cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 2 antagonist blocks myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury and vascular permeability in mice.

PMID 21903747


Cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) are potent inflammatory mediators that predominantly exert their effects by binding to cysteinyl leukotriene receptors of the G protein-coupled receptor family. CysLT receptor 2 (CysLT(2)R), expressed in endothelial cells of some vascular beds, has been implicated in a variety of cardiovascular functions. Endothelium-specific overexpression of human CysLT(2)R in transgenic mice (hEC-CysLT(2)R) greatly increases myocardial infarction damage. Investigation of this receptor, however, has been hindered by the lack of selective pharmacological antagonists. Here, we describe the characterization of 3-(((3-carboxycyclohexyl)amino)carbonyl)-4-(3-(4-(4-phenoxybutoxy)phenyl)-propoxy)benzoic acid (BayCysLT(2)) and explore the selective effects of this compound in attenuating myocardial ischemia/reperfusion damage and vascular leakage. Using a recently developed β-galactosidase-β-arrestin complementation assay for CysLT(2)R activity (Mol Pharmacol 79:270-278, 2011), we determined BayCysLT(2) to be ∼20-fold more potent than the nonselective dual CysLT receptor 1 (CysLT(1)R)/CysLT(2)R antagonist 4-(((1R,2E,4E,6Z,9Z)-1-((1S)-4-carboxy-1-hydroxybutyl)-2,4,6,9-pentadecatetraen-1-yl)thio)benzoic acid (Bay-u9773) (IC(50) 274 nM versus 4.6 μM, respectively). Intracellular calcium mobilization in response to cysteinyl leukotriene administration showed that BayCysLT(2) was >500-fold more selective for CysLT(2)R compared with CysLT(1)R. Intraperitoneal injection of BayCysLT(2) in mice significantly attenuated leukotriene D(4)-induced Evans blue dye leakage in the murine ear vasculature. BayCysLT(2) administration either before or after ischemia/reperfusion attenuated the aforementioned increased myocardial infarction damage in hEC-CysLT(2)R mice. Finally, decreased neutrophil infiltration and leukocyte adhesion molecule mRNA expression were observed in mice treated with antagonist compared with untreated controls. In conclusion, we present the characterization of a potent and selective antagonist for CysLT(2)R that is useful for discerning biological activities of this receptor.

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Leukotriene D4, ~50 μg/mL (in methanol/ammonium acetate buffer, 70:30, pH 5.6), ≥97%