Analytical chemistry

Selective derivatization of cytosine and methylcytosine moieties with 2-bromoacetophenone for submicrogram DNA methylation analysis by reversed phase HPLC with spectrofluorimetric detection.

PMID 21905673


In eukaryotes, actual DNA methylation patterns provide biologically important information, for which both, genome-wide and locus-specific methylation at cytosine residues have been extensively studied. The original contribution of this work relies on the selective derivatization of cytosine moieties with 2-bromoacetophenone for the determination of global DNA methylation by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography with spectrofluorimetric detection. The important features of the proposed procedure are as follows: (1) no need for the elimination of RNA, (2) detection limits for cytidine, 2'-deoxycytidine, 5-methylcytidine, and 5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine in the range of 14.4-22.7 fmol, (3) feasibility for the detection of 0.06% of methylation in a low amount of DNA (80 ng), (4) potential viability for the evaluation of RNA methylation, and (5) relative simplicity in terms of analytical instrumentation and personnel training. The results obtained in the analysis of salmon testes DNA and nucleic acids from plant, human blood, and earthworms demonstrate the utility of the proposed procedure in biological studies and, in particular, for evaluation of the potential effect of environmental factors on actual DNA methylation in different types of living organisms.

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