Nanomedicine : nanotechnology, biology, and medicine

Enhanced delivery of α-glucosidase for Pompe disease by ICAM-1-targeted nanocarriers: comparative performance of a strategy for three distinct lysosomal storage disorders.

PMID 21906578


Enzyme replacement therapies for lysosomal storage disorders are often hindered by suboptimal biodistribution of recombinant enzymes after systemic injection. This is the case for Pompe disease caused by acid α-glucosidase (GAA) deficiency, leading to excess glycogen storage throughout the body, mainly the liver and striated muscle. Targeting intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), a protein involved in inflammation and overexpressed on most cells under pathological conditions, provides broad biodistribution and lysosomal transport of therapeutic cargoes. To improve its delivery, we coupled GAA to polymer nanocarriers (NCs; ∼180 nm) coated with an antibody specific to ICAM-1. Fluorescence microscopy showed specific targeting of anti-ICAM/GAA NCs to cells, with efficient internalization and lysosomal transport, enhancing glycogen degradation over nontargeted GAA. Radioisotope tracing in mice demonstrated enhanced GAA accumulation in all organs, including Pompe targets. Along with improved delivery of Niemann-Pick and Fabry enzymes, previously described, these results indicate that ICAM-1 targeting holds promise as a broad platform for lysosomal enzyme delivery. In this study, ICAM-1 targeted nanocarriers were used to deliver GAA (acid alpha glucosidase) into cells to address the specific enzyme deficiency in Pompe's disease. The results unequivocally demonstrate enhanced enzyme delivery over nontargeted GAA in a mice model.

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D-(+)-Turanose, ≥98%