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European journal of drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics

Pharmacokinetic differences between the epimers of cefotetan disodium after single intravenous injection in healthy Chinese volunteers.


PMID 21915733

Abstract

The pharmacokinetic behaviors of the epimers of cefotetan disodium (R-CTT, S-CTT) after a single intravenous injection dose in healthy Chinese volunteers were explored in this study. In an open-label, randomized, three-way, cross-over study, 12 volunteers (6 females and 6 males) received a cross-over fashion doses of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 g of cefotetan disodium, separated by washout periods of 7 days. The plasma concentrations of both epimers were measured by validated high-performance liquid chromatography assays. Pharmacokinetic parameters of R-CTT, S-CTT, and total-CTT (R + S mixture) were calculated using a noncompartmental analysis. Generally, the R and S epimers showed different pharmacokinetic behaviors. Following 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 g doses of cefotetan disodium, values of the total area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC(0-∞)) were 124.23 ± 19.54, 231.34 ± 39.34, and 459.09 ± 80.65 for R-CTT; 100.95 ± 14.19, 193.80 ± 30.42, and 372.66 ± 67.32 for S-CTT, respectively. Total body clearance values were 4.13, 4.43, and 4.46 L/h for R-CTT and 5.05, 5.28, and 5.50 L/h for S-CTT, respectively. Mean plasma elimination half-life (t (1/2)) values of R-CTT were 4.16, 4.13, and 4.01 h for 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 g doses, respectively, and those of S-CTT were 3.15, 3.25, and 3.21 h. There were significant differences in t (1/2) between the two epimers (P < 0.05). The t (1/2) of R-CTT was 28% longer than that of S-CTT, which indicated that the elimination of the S-CTT was greater than that of the R-CTT. All treatments were well tolerated.

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A5737 Cefotetan disodium
C17H15N7Na2O8S4