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Neurochemistry international

In vitro neuropharmacological evaluation of penitrem-induced tremorgenic syndromes: importance of the GABAergic system.


PMID 21924313

Abstract

The effects of the fungal neurotoxin penitrem A on the GABAergic and glutamatergic systems in rat brain were evaluated. Penitrem A inhibited binding of the GABA(A)-receptor ligand [³H]TBOB to rat forebrain and cerebellar membrane preparations with IC₅₀ (half maximal inhibitory concentration) values of 11 and 9 μM, respectively. Furthermore, penitrem A caused a concentration-dependent increase of [³H]flunitrazepam and [³H]muscimol binding in rat forebrain, but not in cerebellar preparations. The stimulation of [³H]flunitrazepam binding by penitrem A was abolished by the addition of GABA. In cerebellar preparations, a different pharmacological profile was found, with penitrem A allosterically inhibiting [³H]TBOB binding by interacting with a bicuculline-sensitive site. Moreover, penitrem A inhibited the high affinity uptake of GABA and glutamate into cerebellar synaptosomes with IC₅₀ values of 20 and 47 μM, respectively. The toxin showed no effect on NMDA or AMPA glutamate receptor binding. In conclusion, our results suggest that penitrem A exerts region-specific effects in the brain, leading to positive modulation of GABA(A)-receptor function in forebrain. Conversely, penitrem A may act as a bicuculline-like convulsant in cerebellum.

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P3053
Penitrem A, ≥95% (HPLC and TLC)
C37H44ClNO6