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Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)

FoxM1 knockdown sensitizes human cancer cells to proteasome inhibitor-induced apoptosis but not to autophagy.


PMID 21941087

Abstract

Apoptosis has been widely accepted as the primary mechanism of drug-induced cell death. Recently, a second type of cell death pathway has been demonstrated: autophagy, also called programmed type II cell death. Autophagy is a highly regulated process, by which selected components of a cell are degraded. It primarily functions as a cell survival mechanism under stress. However, persistent stress can also promote extensive autophagy leading to cell death. Forkhead box M1 (FoxM1), an oncogenic transcription factor that is abundantly expressed in a wide range of human cancers. Here we evaluated the role of FoxM1 in sensitivity of human cancer cells to proteasome inhibitor-induced apoptosis and autophagy. We found that FoxM1 knockdown sensitized the human cancer cells to apoptotic cell death induced by proteasome inhibitors, such as, MG132, bortezomib and thiostrepton, while it did not affect the levels of autophagy following treatment with these drugs.

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T8902
Thiostrepton from Streptomyces azureus, ≥90% (HPLC)
C72H85N19O18S5