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Methods (San Diego, Calif.)

Development of an immuno-affinity column for ochratoxin analysis using an organic solvent-tolerant monoclonal antibody.


PMID 21945577

Abstract

Two kinds of monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs), OCA-10A and OCA-1B, were prepared based on their specificity to ochratoxin A (OTA) and ochratoxin B (OTB) and on their tolerance to 40% methanol. In an indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) value of OCA-10A was 27ng/mL for OTA and 17ng/mL for OTB, and that of OCA-1B was 28ng/mL for OTA and 13ng/mL for OTB. Immuno-affinity columns (IACs) using these MoAbs were prepared with agarose gel beads. The IAC with OCA-1B showed a NaCl-dependent binding ability to OTA and OTB, while interestingly, the IAC with OCA-10A bound to them without NaCl. The IAC with OCA-10A showed a high methanol tolerance when compared with existing IACs, as expected from the high methanol tolerance of OCA-10A itself. Such tolerance was maintained for the application of the cocoa extract with 70% methanol and the wheat extract with 60% acetonitrile, while the tolerance was slightly altered by interference from the cocoa extract. Examinations with organic solvents at higher concentrations than the allowable level in existing IACs showed that OTA and OTB spiked with wheat, cocoa and red wine could be purified with high recovery. The newly developed IAC is expected to show sufficient clean-up ability for food analyses.

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