British journal of pharmacology

Vasoconstrictor and vasodilator responses to tryptamine of rat-isolated perfused mesentery: comparison with tyramine and β-phenylethylamine.

PMID 21958009


Tryptamine increases blood pressure by vasoconstriction, but little is known about its actions on the mesentery, in particular the resistance arteries. Tryptamine interacts with trace amine-associated receptors (TAARs) and because of its structural similarity to 5-HT, it may also interact with 5-HT receptors. Our hypothesis is therefore that the rat mesenteric arterial bed will exhibit vasopressor and vasodepressor responses to tryptamine via both 5-HT and TAARs. Tryptamine-evoked responses were assayed from pressure changes of the rat-isolated mesenteric vasculature perfused at constant flow rate in the absence and presence of adrenoceptor and 5-HT receptor antagonists. Tryptamine caused dose-dependent vasoconstriction of the mesenteric arterial bed as increases in perfusion pressure. These were unaffected by the α(1) -adrenoceptor antagonist, prazosin, but were attenuated by the non-selective α-adrenoceptor antagonist, phentolamine. The 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonists, ketanserin and ritanserin, abolished the tryptamine-induced pressure increases to reveal vasodilator responses in mesenteric beds preconstricted with phenylephrine. These tryptamine-induced vasodilator responses were unaffected by the 5-HT(7) receptor antagonist, SB269970, but were eliminated by the NOS inhibitor, N(ω) -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). Tyramine and β-phenylethylamine also caused vasodilatation in pre-constricted vasculature, which was also abolished by L-NAME. Tryptamine causes vasoconstriction of the mesenteric vasculature via 5-HT(2A) receptors, which when inhibited exposed vasorelaxant effects in pre-constricted tissues. The vasodilatation was independent of 5-HT(2A) and 5-HT(7) receptors but like that for tyramine and β-phenylethylamine was due to NO release. Potency orders suggest TAAR involvement in the vasodilatation by these trace amines.