Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of benzo[1.3.2]dithiazolium ylide 1,1-dioxide derivatives as potential dual cyclooxygenase-2/5-lipoxygenase inhibitors.

PMID 21958737


3-(4-Bromophenyl)-6-nitrobenzo[1.3.2]dithiazolium ylide 1,1-dioxide (5) was discovered as a new prototype for dual inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX). Thus, the structure-activity relationships of benzo[1.3.2]dithiazolium ylide 1,1-dioxide skeleton were carried out. The 6-NO(2) group played an essential role in the inhibitory activity. In addition, moderate-sized lipophilic substituents at the para-position of the 3-aryl moiety were required for dual COX-2/5-LOX inhibitory activity. Among the identified potent dual inhibitors, 3-(4-tbutylphenyl) derivative 30c (IC(50) values of 0.27 μM and 0.30 μM against COX-2 and 5-LOX, respectively) and 3-(4-biphenyl) derivative 30f (IC(50) values of 0.50 μM and 0.15μM against COX-2 and 5-LOX, respectively) were the most potent dual COX-2/5-LOX inhibitors. Intraperitoneal administration of 30c at 100mg/kg demonstrated potent acute anti-inflammatory activity. As a result, benzo[1.3.2]dithiazolium ylide 1,1-dioxide represented a novel scaffold for the exploitation in developing dual COX-2/5-LOX inhibitors.