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Zhurnal vysshei nervnoi deiatelnosti imeni I P Pavlova

[The role of serine/threonine and tyrosine protein kinases in the depression of cholinosensitivity in Helix lucorum neurons in the cellular correlate of habituation].


PMID 21961321

Abstract

Inhibitor ofadenylate cyclase (SQ 22,536) and inhibitors ofserin/threonine protein kinases A (PKA -Rp-cAMPS), G (PKG - H-Arg-Lys-Arg-Ala-Arg-Lys-Glu-OH), calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII - KN-93), p38mitogen-activated (MAPK - PD 169316), and tyrosine protein kinases (genistein), including their Src-family (PP2), weaken the depression of the acetylcholine-induced inward current (ACh-current) in command Helix neurons of defensive behavior under conditions of rhythmical local acetylcholine applications to the soma in the cellular analogue of habituation. Selective inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC - chelerythrine) does not change the depression of the ACh-current. Mathematical simulation of the influence of the inhibitors applied on a number of membrane-connected acetylcholine receptors made it possible to obtain the design curves consistent with the experimental curves of the ACh-current depression. The experimental data and the results of calculations allowed us to make the following assumptions. The reversible depression of sensitivity to ACh of command Helix neurons of defensive behavior in the cellular correlate of habituation depends on the decrease in the number of membrane-connected ACh receptors as a result of activation of several serine/threonine protein kinases: A, G, CaMKII, p38 MAPK (without the participation of PKC), and tyrosine protein kinases including the family of Src-kinases. The main targets of all protein kinases under study (excluding PKC) in command neurons are the proteins of cytoskeleton (actin microfilaments and microtubules). Phosphorylation of these proteins evokes polymerization and stabilization ofactin microfilaments, stabilization of the main microtubule protein tubulin, a change in the activity of motor proteins responsible for the speed of receptor endocytosis and exocytosis. The PKG action is indirect via the modification of actin-myosin interaction. Protein kinase A, CaMKII, and tyrosine Src-kinase phosphorylate also proteins activating receptor translocation into clathrin-coated membrane invaginations during endocytosis.

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S153
SQ 22,536, ≥97% (HPLC), powder
C9H11N5O