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Journal of the American Chemical Society

Light-induced enantiospecific 4π ring closure of axially chiral 2-pyridones: enthalpic and entropic effects promoted by H-bonding.


PMID 21981374

Abstract

Nonbiaryl axially chiral 2-pyridones were synthesized and employed for light-induced electrocyclic 4π ring closure leading to bicyclo-β-lactam photoproducts in solution. The enantioselectivity in the photoproducts varied from 22 to 95% depending on the reaction temperature and the ability of the axially chiral chromophore to form intramolecular and/or intermolecular H-bonds with the solvent. On the basis of the differential activation parameters, entropic control of the enantiospecificity was observed for 2-pyridones lacking the ability to form H-bonds. Conversely, enthalpy played a significant role for 2-pyridones having the ability to form H-bonds.

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