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Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society

Development and in vivo characterization of a novel peptide drug delivery system providing extended plasma half life.


PMID 21986100

Abstract

It was the aim of this study to develop a sustained parenteral peptide (DALCE) delivery system by the immobilization of DALCE to thiolated carboxymethyl dextran-cysteine (CMD-Cys) via disulfide bond formation. The resulting CMD-Cys-DALCE conjugate displayed a 22.6±7.9% (m/m) of DALCE (mean±S.D.; n=3). The conjugation of DALCE with CMD-Cys was confirmed by FTIR-ATR spectroscopy. In vitro release studies of conjugate CMD-Cys-DALCE in the presence of 2 μM/ml reduced glutathione (GSH) being also available in the plasma showed a sustained peptide release over a time period of 8 h, because of thiol/disulfide exchange reactions. For in vivo pharmacokinetic study, DALCE and CMD-Cys-DALCE were administered intravenously to male Sprague-Dawley rats at a dose of 1mg/kg. The AUC(0-8) (ng.min/ml) was determined to be 268848±924 and 40019±495 for CMD-Cys-DALCE and DALCE, respectively. The mean residence time (MRT) was determined to be 256±8 and 53.1±9.5 min for CMD-Cys-DALCE and for DALCE, respectively. CMD-Cys-DALCE showed a more than 5-fold increased elimination half-life (p<0.01), 3-fold decreased volume of distribution (p<0.01) and a 6.7-fold decreased plasma clearance rate (p<0.01) compared to DALCE. According to these findings, CMD-Cys-DALCE seems to act as prodrug by improving half-life and decreasing plasma clearance.