Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association

Evaluation of the potential toxicity of dibromoacetonitrile-induced apoptosis and tumor-initiating activity in rat liver.

PMID 21986297


Dibromoacetonitrile (DBAN) is water disinfectant by-product. Its broad-spectrum toxicity in different test systems in vivo and in vitro has been reported. However, there is a scanty of information regarding dibromoacetonitrile hepatotoxicity. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the possible mechanisms for dibromoacetonitrile-induced tumor initiation in rat liver cells. Dibromoacetonitrile was orally administered to rats as an acute (60 mg/kg) and fractionated (7.5mg/kg) doses, weekly twice for 4 weeks and once weekly for 8 weeks. Significant increase in malondialdehyde level (approximately 7-, 6- and 4-folds) and extensive depletion in total antioxidant capacity were detected following acute and fractionated doses respectively. Alanine aminotransferase (about 2- and 1-folds) and aspartate aminotransferase (3- and 2-folds) were significantly increased after acute dose and fractionated doses for 4 weeks. Also, these doses of dibromoacetonitrile produced high levels of DNA fragmentation, micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes and changes in the expression of hepatocyte growth factor gene and proto-oncogenes (c-met and c-myc) in liver tissues. Ability of dibromoacetonitrile to induce DNA damage and alterations in the expression of tumor-initiating genes was suggested to be due to hepatotoxicity, oxidative stress and disturbance in the oxidant/antioxidant status of rat liver.

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Dibromoacetonitrile, analytical standard