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Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension

Plasma and tissue concentrations of proangiotensin-12 in rats treated with inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system.


PMID 21993212

Abstract

It has been suggested that proangiotensin-12 (proang-12), a novel angiotensin peptide recently discovered in rat tissues, may function as a component of the tissue renin-angiotensin system (RAS). To investigate the role of proang-12 in the production of angiotensin II (Ang II), we measured its plasma and tissue concentrations in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats, with and without RAS inhibition. The 15-week-old male WKY and SHR rats were left untreated or were treated for 7 days with 30 mg kg(-1) per day losartan, an angiotensin receptor blocker, or with 20 mg kg(-1) per day imidapril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. Both treatments increased renin activity and the concentrations of angiotensin I (Ang I) and Ang II in the plasma of WKY and SHR rats, but neither affected plasma proang-12 levels. In contrast to the comparatively low level of proang-12 seen in plasma, cardiac and renal levels of proang-12 were higher than those of Ang I and Ang II. In addition, despite activation of the RAS in the systemic circulation, tissue concentrations of proang-12 were significantly reduced following treatment with losartan or imidapril. Similar reductions were also observed in the tissue concentrations of Ang II in both strains, without a reduction in Ang I. These results suggest that tissue concentrations of proang-12 and Ang II are regulated independently of the systemic RAS in WKY and SHR rats, which is consistent with the notion that proang-12 is a component of only the tissue RAS.

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