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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Determination of seven glycidyl esters in edible oils by gel permeation chromatography extraction and liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry detection.


PMID 22017647

Abstract

A method based on a gel permeation chromatography (GPC) extraction procedure combined with an additional cleanup by solid-phase extraction (SPE) on silica gel and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) detection has been validated for the analysis of seven glycidyl esters (GEs) including glycidyl laurate, myristate, palmitate, stearate, oleate, linoleate, and linolenate in various edible oils. This method was conjointly developed and validated by two different laboratories, using two different detection systems, a LC time of flight MS (LC-ToF-MS) and a LC triple-quadrupole MS (LC-MS/MS). The extraction procedure allowed targeting low contamination levels due to a highly efficient matrix removal from the 400 mg oil sample loaded on the GPC column and is suitable for routine analysis as 24 samples can be extracted in an automated and reproducible way every 12 h. GPC extraction combined with SPE cleanup and LC-MS/MS detection leads to a limit of quantification in oil samples between 50 and 100 μg/kg depending on the type of glycidyl ester. Recoveries ranged from 68 to 111% (average = 93%). Quantification was performed by automated standard addition on extracts to compensate matrix effects artifacts. To control recoveries of each sample four isotopically labeled GEs ((13)C(3) or (13)C(4)) were included in the method.

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