Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)

Preparation and physical properties of early-late heterobimetallic compounds featuring Ir-M bonds (M = Ti, Zr, Hf).

PMID 22020701


Treatment of Cp*Ir N(t)Bu (1) with the appropriate metallocene equivalent is an effective route for the preparation of the heterobimetallic complexes Cp*Ir(μ-N(t)Bu)MCp(2) (2-M, M = Ti, Zr, Hf). The electronic structures of the isostructural series of compounds, 2-M, are described with reference to single-crystal X-ray, Raman, UV-vis, and cyclic voltammetry data. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were used to aid in the interpretation of this experimental work. Treatment of the zirconium or hafnium congeners with 2,6-lutidinium triflate leads to protonation of the Ir-M bond, to afford Cp*Ir(μ-N(t)Bu)(μ-H)MCp(2)OTf (3-M, M = Zr, Hf). Compound 3-Zr was characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and independently prepared by the reaction of 1 and Cp(2)Zr(H)Cl in the presence of Me(3)SiOTf. In reactions analogous to those for 2-Zr, 2-Hf reacts with S(8) and aryl azides to insert an S-atom or aryl azide fragment into the metal-metal bond, yielding Cp*Ir(μ-N(t)Bu)(μ-S)HfCp(2) (6-Hf) and Cp*Ir(μ-N(t)Bu)(N(3)Ph)HfCp(2) (4-Hf), respectively. Heating 4-Hf results in N(2) extrusion to form Cp*Ir(μ-N(t)Bu)(NPh)HfCp(2) (5-Hf). The kinetics of the latter reaction were studied to obtain activation parameters and a Hammett trend; these data are compared to those for the analogous reaction involving Ir-Zr heterobimetallics.