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Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces

Methylmethacrylate-sulfopropylmethacrylate nanoparticles with surface RMP-7 for targeting delivery of antiretroviral drugs across the blood-brain barrier.


PMID 22024400

Abstract

This study investigates the capability of methylmethacrylate-sulfopropylmethacrylate (MMA-SPM) nanoparticles (NPs) with grafted RMP-7 (RMP-7/MMA-SPM NPs) to deliver stavudine (D4T), delavirdine (DLV), and saquinavir (SQV) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The permeability coefficients of the three drugs across the BBB were evaluated by a co-culture model containing human brain-microvascular endothelial cells and human astrocytes. An increase in the concentration of ammonium persulfate (APS), the polymerization initiator, enhanced the particle size of drug-loaded RMP-7/MMA-SPM NPs. When the concentration of APS was 0.6%, the average particle diameter was smaller than 50 nm. These spherical drug carriers were uniform in size and displayed a dominant topography of discrete hillocks and deep pits in deposited film. Smaller RMP-7/MMA-SPM NPs yielded a larger drug loading efficiency. The order of drug in the loading efficiency and in the particle uptake was, respectively, D4T>DLV>SQV and D4T>SQV>DLV. Endocytosis of RMP-7/MMA-SPM NPs and tight junction mediation can improve the permeability of D4T, DLV, and SQV across the BBB.