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Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi

[Effect of APN/CD13 on bestatin enhancing all-trans-retinoic acid-inducing differentiation in NB4 cells].


PMID 22040956

Abstract

This study was purposed to investigate the effect of aminopeptidase N/CD13 on bestatin enhancing all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA)-inducing differentiation in NB4 cells. The nitroblue-tetrazolium (NBT) reduction assay was performed to determine the differentiation of NB4 cells, MR2 cells and primary APL blasts. The expression of P38 MAPK protein and the phosphorylation of P38 MAPK protein in NB4, MR2 and K562 cells were detected by Western blot. The results showed that pre-incubation with 5 µg/ml WM-15 blocked the enhancement effect of bestatin on differentiation of NB4 cells induced by ATRA. 5 µg/ml CD13 antibody WM-15 partly blocked the inhibition of bestatin on the phosphorylation of P38 MAPK in NB4 cells. 100 µg/ml bestatin inhibited the phosphorylation of P38 MAPK in NB4 cells and MR2 cells in a time-dependent manner. 100 µg/ml bestatin had no effect on the phosphorylation of P38 MAPK in K562 cells with low level of CD13. Bestatin could not restore the sensitivity to ATRA in ATRA-resistant primary APL blasts and MR2 cells. It is concluded that aminopeptidase N/CD13 inhibitor bestatin may enhance the differentiation-inducing activity of ATRA through inhibiting the phosphorylation of P38 MAPK in NB4 cells mediated by the cell surface APN/CD13.

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