Epilepsy research

Phenotypic differences between fast and slow methionine sulfoximine-inbred mice: seizures, anxiety, and glutamine synthetase.

PMID 22050980


Seizures induced by the convulsant methionine sulfoximine (MSO) resemble human "grand mal" epilepsy, and brain glutamine synthetase is inhibited. We recently selected two inbred lines of mice: sensitive to MSO (MSO-Fast) and resistant (MSO-Slow). In the present study, the selection pressure was increased and consanguinity established. To gain insight into the mechanisms of epileptogenesis, we studied the behaviour of MSO-Fast and MSO-Slow mice based on their responses to various convulsants and anticonvulsants, and also the kinetics of glutamine synthetase. The results show that increasing the number of generations of sib-crossings resulted in an increase in the differences between MSO-Fast and MSO-Slow mice. The dose-response curve of MSO-dependent seizures demonstrated that the MSO-Slow mice were highly insensitive to MSO-dependent seizures compared with MSO-Fast inbred mice that were highly sensitivity. The MSO-Slow were resistant to convulsions induced by various convulsants having different mechanisms of action, whereas those in the MSO-Fast line were more sensitive to kainic acid-induced seizures. These data, in addition to the effects of anticonvulsant, strongly suggest that glutamatergic pathways are most likely involved in MSO-dependent seizures, rather than GABAergic ones. This hypothesis is corroborated by the glutamine synthetase activity, which is more elevated in the MSO-Slow line. Behaviour tests showed that MSO-Slow were less anxious than MSO-Fast. Collectively, these results showed that glutamatergic pathways could be involved in the epileptogenic action of MSO, which may be related to the glutamate/glutamine cycle in the brain.