Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology

Investigation of cytochrome P450 1A2 and 3A inhibitory properties of Danshen tincture.

PMID 22056022


Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge) as a famous Traditional Chinese medicine is widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in the world. Danshen tincture (DT), extracted from Danshen root with a mixture of water and alcohol, is a commonly used preparation method for human consumption. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of DT on the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 and 3A activities by human and rat liver microsomes. Effects of DT were assessed with use of Danshen ethanolic extract (DEE) and selective substrates, markers of CYP activities. DEE (0.5-10 μg/ml) competitively inhibited human and rat liver microsomal CYP1A2 activity with inhibition constant (K(i)) values at 3.40 and 5.16 μg/ml, respectively. At the same time, DEE (2.5-20 μg/ml) not only noncompetitively inhibited human liver microsomal CYP3A4/5 activity with a K(i) of 11.9 μg/ml, but also competitively inhibited rat liver microsomal CYP3A1/2 activity with a K(i) of 52.1 μg/ml. The data indicate that DEE inhibited the metabolism of CYP1A2 and 3A substrates in human and rat liver in vitro with different mode of inhibition. This study may be helpful for clinical application of Danshen tincture.

Related Materials