Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

Camptothecin (CPT) directly binds to human heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNP A1) and inhibits the hnRNP A1/topoisomerase I interaction.

PMID 22071521


Camptothecin (CPT) is an anti-tumor natural product that forms a ternary complex with topoisomerase I (top I) and DNA (CPT-top I-DNA). In this study, we identified the direct interaction between CPT and human heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNP A1) using the T7 phage display technology. On an avidin-agarose bead pull down assay, hnRNP A1 protein was selectively pulled down in the presence of C20-biotinylated CPT derivative (CPT-20-B) both in vitro and in vivo. The interaction was also confirmed by an analysis on a quartz-crystal microbalance (QCM) device, yielding a K(D) value of 82.7 nM. A surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis revealed that CPT inhibits the binding of hnRNP A1 to top I (K(D): 260 nM) in a non-competitive manner. Moreover, an in vivo drug evaluation assay using Drosophila melanogaster showed that the knockout of the hnRNP A1 homolog Hrb87F gene showed high susceptibility against 5-50 μM of CPT as compared to a wild-type strain. Such susceptibility was specific for CPT and not observed after treatment with other cytotoxic drugs. Collectively, our data suggests that CPT directly binds to hnRNP A1 and non-competitively inhibits the hnRNP A1/top I interaction in vivo. The knockout strain loses the hnRNP A1 homolog as a both CPT-binding partner and naïve brakes of top I, which enhances the formation of the CPT-top I-DNA ternary complexes and subsequently sensitizes the growth inhibitory effect of CPT in D. melanogaster.