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The journal of physical chemistry. A

Optical absorption and emission properties of fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, and their derivatives. A DFT study.


PMID 22077554

Abstract

Fluoranthene and benzo[k]fluoranthene-based oligoarenes are good candidates for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). In this work, the electronic structure and optical properties of fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, and their derivatives have been studied using quantum chemical methods. The ground-state structures were optimized using the density functional theory (DFT) methods. The lowest singlet excited state was optimized using time-dependent density functional theory (TD-B3LYP) and configuration interaction singles (CIS) methods. On the basis of ground- and excited-state geometries, the absorption and emission spectra have been calculated using the TD-DFT method with a variety of exchange-correlation functionals. All the calculations were carried out in chloroform medium. The results show that the absorption and emission spectra calculated using the B3LYP functional is in good agreement with the available experimental results. Unlikely, the meta hybrid functionals such as M06HF and M062X underestimate the absorption and emission spectra of all the studied molecules. The calculated absorption and emission wavelength are more or less basis set independent. It has been observed that the substitution of an aromatic ring significantly alters the absorption and emission spectra.