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Extremophiles : life under extreme conditions

Architecture and characterization of sarcosine oxidase from Thermococcus kodakarensis KOD1.


PMID 22083128

Abstract

Sarcosine oxidase (SOX) catalyzes the oxidation of the methyl group in sarcosine and transfer of the oxidized methyl group into the one-carbon metabolic pool. Here, we separately cloned and expressed α and β subunit of SOX from Thermococcus kodakarensis KOD1 (TkSOX) in Escherichia coli and the recombinant proteins were purified to homogeneity. Gel filtration chromatography and transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that the α subunit formed a dimeric structure and behaved as an NADH dehydrogenase; β subunit was a tetramer that had sarcosine oxidase and L: -proline dehydrogenase activity. The TkSOX complex assembled into the hetero-octameric (αβ)(4) form and had NADH dehydrogenase activity. Gold-label analysis indicated that α and β subunits were oriented in the alternative form. Based on these results, we suggested that TkSOX was a multifunctional enzyme and that each subunit and (αβ)(4) complex may separately exist as a function enzyme in different conditions.

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