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Journal of clinical periodontology

Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand antagonists inhibit tissue inflammation and bone loss in experimental periodontitis.


PMID 22092474

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the role of anti-bone resorptive agents and an anti-inflammatory compound in murine Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis)-induced periodontitis. Six randomly assigned groups were administered vehicle (saline, control) (n = 6), P. gingivalis infection only (untreated) (n = 6), human-Fc (n = 4), Kavain (n = 6), OPG-Fc (n = 6) and Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B (RANK)-Fc (n = 6) intraperitoneally at day 0, 3 and 7. Animals were euthanized on day 10 and subjected to comprehensive histomorphometric analysis. To capture the progress of inflammation, serum samples were collected at days 0, 3, 7 and 10 for levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Compared with control group, OPG-Fc, RANK-Fc and Kavain treatment showed significant bone loss reduction with OPG-Fc performing better than RANK-Fc or Kavain. Epithelial down-growth showed significant reduction in treatment groups with OPG-Fc performing better than RANK-Fc or Kavain. Finally, Kavain, OPG-Fc and RANK-Fc-treated mice displayed reduced inflammatory cell counts and cytokine expression particularly at day 7 postinfection. RANKL antagonists and Kavain effectively reduced alveolar bone loss in P. gingivalis-induced periodontitis in our mice model. Compared with RANK-Fc, Kavain-treated animals showed milder improvement of bone and connective tissue inflammation. Therapeutic implications in the prevention of periodontal bone loss are discussed.

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