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AAPS PharmSciTech

Investigating the use of liquisolid compacts technique to minimize the influence of pH variations on loratadine release.


PMID 22101967

Abstract

Loratadine is a class II water-insoluble drug and its dissolution rate and, consequently, absorption are dependent on the gastrointestinal pH. The resulting very high variability in bioavailability and related inter- and intra-subject absorption variations present a major challenge that hinders the realization of an effective and uniform therapy. Among the several techniques that have been used to minimize pH dependency of dissolution rate, liquisolid compacts technique can be suggested as a promising solution. In this study, it was hypothesized that the formulation of loratadine using liquisolid compacts technique may reduce the effect of pH variation on the drug dissolution rate. Solubilities of loratadine in propylene glycol, Tween 80, and polyethylene glycol 400 were first measured and propylene glycol was selected as for producing the highest solubility among the tested solvents. Several liquisolid tablet formulations containing various ratios of drug: propylene glycol (5%, 10%, and 20% w/w) were prepared. The ratio of microcrystalline cellulose (carrier) to silica (coating powder material) was kept constant in all formulations. The dissolution behavior of loratadine from liquisolid compacts was investigated in several buffered media with different pH values (pH 1.2, 2.5, and 5). The results showed that the drug release rates produced by liquisolid compacts were significantly higher and less affected by pH variation compared with conventionally made (direct compression) and commercial (Clarityn) tablets. In conclusion, liquisolid compacts technique may be used as a tool to minimize the effects of pH variation on the dissolution rate of drugs with poor water solubility.