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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters

Synthesis, characterization and activity of new phosphonate dipeptides as potential inhibitors of VanX.


PMID 22113110

Abstract

VanX, a Zn(II)-dependent D-ala-D-ala dipeptidase, is essential for vancomycin resistance in Enterococcus faecium. The enzymatic activity of VanX was previously found to be inhibited competitively by 2-{[(1-aminoethyl) (hydroxy) phosphoryl]oxy} propanoic acid (1B). Here we report the synthesis and characterization of seven phosphonate dipeptide analogs of D-ala-D-ala with various substituent, the activity evaluation indicated that six of these phosphonate analogs inhibit VanX with IC(50) of 0.48-8.21mM. These data revealed a structure-activity relationship which is that the large substituent group on β-carbon resulted in low binding affinity of the phonphonate analog to VanX. This information will be helpful to guide the design and synthesis of the tightly-binding inhibitors for VanX.

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