Environmental science and pollution research international

Degradation and mineralization of sulcotrione and mesotrione in aqueous medium by the electro-Fenton process: a kinetic study.

PMID 22116735


The degradation and mineralization of two triketone (TRK) herbicides, including sulcotrione and mesotrione, by the electro-Fenton process (electro-Fenton using Pt anode (EF-Pt), electro-Fenton with BDD anode (EF-BDD) and anodic oxidation with BDD anode) were investigated in acidic aqueous medium. The reactivity of both herbicides toward hydroxyl radicals was found to depend on the electron-withdrawing effect of the aromatic chlorine or nitro substituents. The degradation of sulcotrione and mesotrione obeyed apparent first-order reaction kinetics, and their absolute rate constants with hydroxyl radicals at pH 3.0 were determined by the competitive kinetics method. The hydroxylation absolute rate constant (k(abs)) values of both TRK herbicides ranged from 8.20 × 10(8) (sulcotrione) to 1.01 × 10(9) (mesotrione) L mol(-1) s(-1), whereas those of the TRK main cyclic or aromatic by-products, namely cyclohexane 1,3-dione, (2-chloro-4-methylsulphonyl) benzoic acid and 4-(methylsulphonyl)-2-nitrobenzoic acid, comprised between 5.90 × 10(8) and 3.29 × 10(9) L mol(-1) s(-1). The efficiency of mineralization of aqueous solutions of both TRK herbicides was evaluated in terms of total organic carbon removal. Mineralization yields of about 97-98% were reached in optimal conditions for a 6-h electro-Fenton treatment time. The mineralization process steps involved the oxidative opening of the aromatic or cyclic TRK by-products, leading to the formation of short-chain carboxylic acids, and, then, of carbon dioxide and inorganic ions.

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Sulcotrione, PESTANAL®, analytical standard