The journal of physical chemistry. B

UV resonance Raman studies of the NaClO4 dependence of poly-L-lysine conformation and hydrogen exchange kinetics.

PMID 22117822


We used 204 nm excitation UV Resonance Raman (UVRR) spectroscopy to examine the effects of NaClO(4) on the conformation of poly-L-lysine (PLL). The presence of NaClO(4) induces the formation of α-helix, π-helix/bulge, and turn conformations. The dependence of the AmIII(3) frequency on the peptide Ψ Ramachandran angle allows us to experimentally determine the conformational population distributions and the energy landscape of PLL along the Ramachandran Ψ angle. We also used UVRR to measure the NaClO(4) concentration dependence of PLL amide hydrogen exchange kinetics. Exchange rates were determined by fitting the D(2)O exchanging PLL UVRR AmII' band time evolution. Hydrogen exchange is slowed at high NaClO(4) concentrations. The PLL AmII' band exchange kinetics at 0.0, 0.2, and 0.35 M NaClO(4) can be fit by single exponentials, but the AmII' band kinetics of PLL at 0.8 M NaClO(4) requires a double exponential fit. The exchange rates for the extended conformations were monitored by measuring the C(α)-H band kinetics. These kinetics are identical to those of the AmII' band until 0.8 M NaClO(4) whereupon the extended conformation exchange becomes clearly faster than that of the α-helix-like conformations. Our results indicate that ClO(4)(-) binds to the PLL backbone to protect it from OH(-) exchange catalysis. In addition, ClO(4)(-) binding also slows the conformational exchange between the extended and α-helix-like conformations, probably by increasing the activation barriers for conformational interchanges.