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Cancer letters

Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor represses mammosphere formation in MCF-7 cells.


PMID 22123295

Abstract

The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor. Recent studies have reported the anti-tumor effects of the AhR in breast cancer. In this study, we investigated the anti-tumor effect of AhR activation based on the cancer stem cell hypothesis. We show that AhR activation suppressed mammosphere formation of MCF-7 cells and decreased the proportion of cells with high ALDH-1 (aldehyde dehydrogenase 1) activity. In addition, we also demonstrate that AhR activation regulates self-renewal signaling by down-regulating Wnt/β-catenin and Notch.